Home garden design
The Lawn, in Light & Shadow
Garden Gates and their Planting
Paths and Border Planting
The Bird Garden
Garden Pools and Ponds
The Rose Garden
Rose Flower Tips
Bulbs and Kindred Plants
Rock garden design
Coniferous Evergreen Shrubs and Trees
Flower Names and Pictures Guide
Flowers by Color
Annual Flowers and Plants
Winter protection of Plants
Planting Trees and Shrubs
Wild Field and Garden Flowers
Planting a vegetable garden
Garden Planting Schedule
Garden Stones Game
Plant and Flower Garden Dictionary
Useful garden sites
Home garden design > The Rose Garden > Planting roses
When the spring is coming and the ground is thawed, then it is time to start planting your rose garden. Roses have been around for over three thousand years, and still they hold a mystery of beauty and fascination, not to mention the fact that roses look and smell great!
One of the most important rules of growing roses is to plant the rose bush in an area that receives around four to six hours of sunlight every day.
Do not to plant too many trees or other plants around the rose bush because most of these are likely to either mix with the rose or stifle it's growth. If you are replacing an old rose bush, approximately 1.5 cubic feet of the old soil should be removed, and fresh garden soil added to replace it. Before placing your rose in your garden, take in consideration the growth habit of the rose you want to plant.
For example, place climbers and ramblers along fences, trellises, or next to arches or pergolas. This space offers the roses free range of growth, and optimal potential for the showiest blooms.
Roses also look beautiful in island beds interplanted with perennials. Miniature roses make great edging plants in front of their taller cousins. Planted singly, shrub roses make excellent specimen plants or they can be clustered to make a flowering hedge. You can also use them to camouflage ugly looking objects in your garden.
Dig a hole large enough for the root mass and loosen the bottom of the hole. You should add bone meal, which is a slow acting source of phosphorus that leads to healthy root growth in the rose plant.
Then the rose plant should be placed in the hole carefully and the hole refilled with garden soil, covering the roots of the rose properly. Before making the final covering, water the rose plant and give it time to absorb the water. After this, water the plant more and mound the soil about six inches high. The dome will keep the stems from drying out until the rose is rooted. Gradually remove the excess soil as the leaves open.
Special attention should be taken with the roses' planting depth. The planting depth varies according to the climate you are living in. If you live in a somewhat colder region, plant a bit deeper and consult with the people that are growing roses in your area. If you are using potted roses, you should plant them about one inch deeper than their potted level.
The best time to plant roses varies depending on the winter temperature. Where temperatures don't drop below minus ten degrees Fahrenheit; either fall or spring planting is good. If you live in an area where winter temperatures go below minus ten degrees Fahrenheit, spring planting is preferred. Plants should be planted in a dormant condition if you buy them bare root, but container grown plants may be planted throughout the whole growing season.
The spacing of the rose plant is highly influenced by the temperature. In areas where winters are severe, the rose plant does not grow as large as in the mild areas. Knonwing this, hybrid tea roses need to be spaced 1.5 to three feet apart. Large vigorous growers, such as hybrid perpetuals take three to five feet of space, and the rose climbers should have from eight to ten feet of space.
If the winter temperature in your area is below ten degrees Fahrenheit, roses can grow healthy if proper care is taken. In zones seven and colder, the roses enjoy their last fertilization of the season by August 15th to limit the emergence of new rose canes, which will almost certainly not survive the winter.