Home garden design
The Lawn, in Light & Shadow
Garden Gates and their Planting
Iron Garden Gates
Wooden Garden Gates
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Rock garden design
Coniferous Evergreen Shrubs and Trees
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Winter protection of Plants
Planting Trees and Shrubs
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Home garden design > Garden Gates and their Planting > Hardly Climbers
The most satisfactory covering of the gateway is realized in planting vines that withstand the winters. Many of these vines are especially suited to soften the lines of the fence or stone wall as well as to give a bower of green over the gate.
It is a good practice to mulch most of these vines with from two to three inches of stable manure just before the ground freezes, but do not pile the manure up around the plant. This only encourages mice, which eat the bark, and also weakens the plant. Field mice work their way into the manure and frequently girdle the plant.
If the manure is fresh and piled up about the canes the heat created by this fermenting manure softens the bark and weakens the plant. Keep the mulch at least from three to six inches from the vine and carry the mulch over the surface soil from four to six feet beyond the crown of the vine, because the feeding roots which should be protected are usually a considerable distance from the point where the plant appears above ground.
The following hardy climbers are suggested from which one may make his choice. Special soils and fertilizers are suggested in order to insure a healthy, vigorous growth.
Bignonia (Trumpet Vine)
Celastrus scandens (Bittersweet)
Ampelopsis tricuspidata veitchi (Boston Ivy)
Ampelopsis quinquefolia (Virginia sleeper)
Clematis paniculata (Virgin's Bower)
Vitis labrusca (Wild Grape)
Lonicera halliana (Honeysuckle)
Periploca graeca (Silk Vine)
Two of the best varieties are grandiflora, blooming in July, orange yellow flower, and radicans, blooming July to September, scarlet flowers. Orange-coloured capsules with crimson arils. Clings all winter. Thick shade of green all summmer. Clings to wood, brick, or stone; leaves lap over each other. Leaves green, autumn, red and scarlet; berries blue. Vigorous climber; flowers white. Foliage broad and bright green; clusters of loosely arranged small grapes.
Evergreen climber; flower fragrant.
The variety L. sempervirens, scarlet flower and berries, is most satisfactory. Purplish pea-shaped flowers, clusters 7-12 inch long.Rapid grower. Flowers brownish purple. Grows 20-30 feet.
Needs very rich, deep clay loam; add half bushel of rotted cow manure plus half pound coarse bone meal incorporated into the soil.
Deep, rich, sandy loam; one fourth leaf mould. Use rich, deep garden loam incorporated heavily with decayed manure. Rich sandy loam, half decayed cow manure. Garden loam rich in stable manure and coarse bone meal. Rich, deep, light clay loam.