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Free tree planting tips

When large fruit orchards are to be planted, the item of digging the holes for the trees is a lot of work. To reduce this to a minimum, marking out with a plow is a very good method. The method for staking is much the same as when the wire is used for locating the trees. The position of the first row should be determined and stakes set near each end.

Each succeeding row is marked in like manner. If the ploughing is to be done in but one direction, the distance between the trees may be determined by one of the methods previously mentioned. When done in both directions, the other sides of the area should be staked out in the same way as the first two.

It is usually found advantageous to have other stakes set in line between the end ones, particularly if the rows are long or the site rolling. With a steady team and good driver, the rows can be gotten reasonably straight, but it is always desirable when this method is used to be very careful in getting the trees of the first two rows and the first two trees of each succeeding row in exactly the right place, and then line in the other trees of the row. In doing this, working two men together will greatly facilitate planting,

Staking for Hexagonal System
One method has already been given for staking for the hexagonal system. Most methods which are used in laying out the orchard by the rectangular system can be employed in the hexagonal system if the following facts are taken into consideration.

That in the hexagonal system the distance between the fruit trees in the row are the same as in the rectangular system, but that the distance between the rows is less. Also that the trees of the even numbered rows are midway between the trees of the odd rows. It would be more difficult to use the plow in one direction in planting by this system than by the rectangular.

Another method is frequently used in staking out the hexagonal orchard. The first row is located with reference to the fence and becomes the base line. Beginning at the selected position of the first tree, stakes are set at the desired distance between trees, a wire the length of the distance between trees is then used for the location of the remaining trees. It is convenient to have a ring at each end of the wire as this facilitates handling.

If the rings are used the length of the wire should be considered as extending from center to center of the rings. One ring should be fitted with a marking pin, this end to be used by the man locating the position of the trees. The method of locating the trees follows: A holds the center of his ring over the first stake of row 1, while, B takes the marking end and strikes an are at what he thinks is the location of the first tree of the next row. A walks to the second stake of the first row, and B again strikes an arc.

At the intersection of these arcs he sets a stake, locating the position of the tree. B then strikes an are where he thinks the location of the second tree will be. When all the trees of row 2 are located, it becomes the base line from which to locate trees of row 3. If the ground be uneven, a plumb bob should be used so that the wire may be kept horizontal.

In locating the end fruit tree there is frequently but one stake from which to strike an arc. The location is easily determined, however, by locating the second fruit tree first, and then use it as the point from which the are is struck. After three rows have been located by the arcs, others may be lined in.

Although nearly every person who plans to conduct an orchard and who buys fruit trees is particular as to the character of the tree which he buys, nevertheless, thousands of trees are planted every year which are not suitable for orchard purposes.

That this condition should exist may be due to the combination of a number of causes. There are three, however, which will account for the planting of the greater portion of inferior trees. Very frequently the buyer has no well defined idea as to what the tree should be. A second cause is that he does not state explicitly in his order just what kind of trees he wants. Even if he fulfills the first two requirements, he often fails to refuse stock which has been sent to him which does not come up to the specifications in his order. Even though he knows that they are practically worthless he plants such trees simply because he does not care to take the trouble to make the nurseryman furnish him good goods or because of the delay that will be entailed.

The nurseryman is not always to blame because a buyer gets inferior trees. There are many things which makes the filling of nursery orders difficult, but probably the chief reason why so many poor trees are sent out from the nursery is because the average buyer is dissatisfied unless he gets a large tree with a heavy top. In his attempt to satisfy the demand for large trees, the nurseryman very frequently is obliged to sacrifice the very things which would make the tree most valuable.

Some buyers, apparently think that all varieties grow alike; and having an, ideal in mind, want all trees to come up to that ideal. Such a thing is impossible. A Fameuse tree will not grow like a Northwestern, any more than a Jersey cow will resemble a Shorthorn, but because it will not do so does not mean that it is inferior to the Northewestern. The first thing the buyer must have in mind is what the ideal for the variety is, and then judge his trees accordingly. There are some general requisites, however, which can be considered in common.