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Climbing vines

Climbing vinesMany buildings, and even the dwelling itself in some instances, may be utilized in supporting a vine or vines, and in not a few cases would be made more beautiful. If the vines are to be trained on the walls of buildings, they should be planted in a well-prepared border or bed, a few inches from the foundation, and the eaves should have gutters to carry the excess of water away from their roots.

The vines should be securely attached to the wall to prevent them from giving way under the weight of fruit. A strip of woven wire may be attached to the wall and the vines tied or fastened to it. In this way the building will not be damaged by fastening the vines directly to the wall. With buildings of little value the vines may be made fast by tacking strips of old leather or even cloth over the branches and against the walls at convenient distances apart.

A wall, because of its warmth and dryness, is an excellent place to grow fine grapes, and if the vine so planted is properly trained and cared for it will become an object of beauty and joy to the farmer's household.

The trellis is the most simple and now the almost universal form of support for the vine, especially in northern regions, and is built of posts and wires. It may he plainly and cheaply made or it may be elaborate and expensive. In order to build a good trellis the posts must be made of durable timber, well set in the ground, and firmly braced to prevent sagging of the wires under the weight of the vines and fruit.

The end posts must be securely braced. The wire used in constructing a trellis may be of any size from No. 12 to No. 8. Though the latter will cost a trifle more, it will be much the best in the long run. From three to five strands of wire will be sufficient for a good trellis.

The arbor, which is really a double trellis, connected overhead by a wooden frame, covered with wire netting or wires drawn across the top, may be desirable near the house or in the garden. The vines are trained to an arbor as they should be to any ordinary trellis, except that they are allowed to meet overhead. In this way a shady bower is produced which is very agreeable in hot, sunny weather, while it affords a wider expanse of vine and foliage for the support and maturing of the fruit.

The canopy trellis - A single line of posts are set as for an ordinary trellis. Pieces of scantling about 2.5 feet in length are spiked horizontally across the top at right angles to the line of the trellis. On the upper side of these cross or horizontal pieces three wires are strung, one at each end and the third in the middle. The vine is trained to the center wire in a single stem, at which level its top or arms are formed.

The shoots or bearing wood of the vine droop or hang over the other wires. In some parts of the country, especially in large portions of the south, this form of trellis is very popular with vineyardists. They claim it protects and shades the fruit from the injurious effects of the hot sun.